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更多>>伯利兹国家简介

伯利兹
伯利兹(英文:Belize)是中美洲的一个国家,是中美洲唯一以英文为官方语言的国家。伯利兹西北部与墨西哥接壤,西部和南部与危地马拉接壤。伯利兹东临洪都拉斯湾,与洪都拉斯共和国隔湾相望,两国最近距离只有75千米。伯利兹旧称英属洪都拉斯,1981年脱离英国独立,而伯利兹的名字来自该国的河流伯利兹河及最大的城市伯利兹市,该市是伯利兹的原首都。目前新首都为贝尔墨邦。伯利兹经济在传统上以林业为主,特别是糖、柑桔类水果、可可、稻米、烟草等。渔业也颇为重要。1989年10月23日,中华人民共和国宣布中止与伯利兹外交关系。 国土  面积:22966平方公里人口  32.2万人(2008),混血种人和克里奥尔。

伯利兹国家属性

  • 中文名称: 伯利兹
    英文名称: Belize
    英文简称: BLZ
    所属洲: 美洲
    首都: 贝尔莫潘
    主要城市: 贝尔莫潘,圣伊格纳西奥,伯利兹城,等
  • 货币: 伯利兹元
    人口数量: 333,200
    国家代码: BLZ
    国土面积: 22,966平方公里
    汇率: 2伯利兹元兑1美元
    国际域名缩写: .BLZ

更多>>伯利兹英文简介

Belize (English: Belize), is a country in Central America, is the only Central American English is the official language of the country. Belize northwest border with Mexico, western and southern borders with Guatemala. Belize east of the Gulf of Honduras, across the Bay and the Republic of Honduras, the closest distance between the two countries is only 75 kilometers of the sea. Belize, formerly British Honduras, 1981 from the British Independent, and the name of Belize from Belize River, the rivers of the country and the largest city in Belize City, the city is the former capital of Belize. Currently, the new capital of Belmopan. Belize forestry-based economy in the traditional, especially sugar, citrus fruits, cocoa, rice, tobacco, and other. The fisheries also quite important. October 23, 1989, the People's Republic of China announced the suspension of diplomatic relations with Belize.
Land
Area: 22,966 square kilometers
Population
32.2 million (2008), mestizo and Creole respectively 34% and 25% of the total population, a lesser extent, Indians, Mayans, Indians, Chinese and Caucasian.
 
49.6% of the residents are Catholic, 29% Protestant, while a small number of Muslims. The official language is English, nearly half of the residents over the the universal Spanish or Creole.
National flag
Rectangular in shape, length and width ratio of approximately 3:2. Flag of the body as a blue, a red down each broadside, the middle is a white circle, which is painted with 50 green leaves surround the national emblem. The blue represents the blue sky and the ocean, red symbolizes victory and the sun; consisting of 50 green leaves decorated ring said to commemorate the country's struggle for independence since 1950, and the final victory.
National emblem
The patterns the middle as a coat of arms. Face shield the upper left of the cross with a crowbar and hammer, the top right cross long ax and saw two pictorial symbol of the country's rich timber resources, forest country; below sea sailing sailing on behalf of the country's fishing industry and the maritime industry. Behind the coat of arms with a mahogany tree stand, which is the national tree of Belize; standing on both sides of the shoulder ax and crowbar lumberjack, a symbol of the people of Belize to the logging for a living; the lower end of the ribbon with the words "I'm in the shade prosperity. "
National domain name
. Bz domain name Belize country code top-level domain (cctld),. BZ business more concise abbreviation. Shorter than. BIZ domain are easier to remember BIZ domain name has been registered by someone else, use this. BZ'll be a good choice. In addition, the BZ is no limit to the new domain name, for individuals with special needs is also a rare opportunity!
Natural and geographical
An area of ​​22,963 square kilometers. Located in the northeastern part of Central America. The north and northwest neighbor Mexico, West and Southern border with Guatemala, on the east Caribbean. 322 km long coastline. The territory of more than a mountain, swamp and tropical jungle. The terrain can be broadly divided into two parts, North and South: the terrain of the southern half of the Maya Mountains, mountains of southwest - northeast direction. Its offshoot Cox Cosme Hill Victoria Peak 1,121.97 meters above sea level, is the country's highest peak. The northern half of the region is less than 61 meters above sea level low, mostly swamp; Belize River, New River and Ondo River flows through. A tropical rainforest climate. 24 km of the offshore sea, the world's second largest barrier reef parallel to the coast. Tropical rainforest climate, annual average temperature of 25-27 ° C, annual precipitation is 2,000 mm or more. June to October is often hit by a hurricane. 90% of rich mahogany forest area occupied territories, hematoxylin, genistein precious trees. The northwest region has oil deposits.
Resources Geographic
Rich forest and fishery resources. The forest area of ​​about 16,000 square kilometers, in about 70% coverage. Production mahogany, hematoxylin, genistein and other precious wood, mahogany is known as the country of wood. Rich lobster, swordfish, manatees and coral. Northwest Territories petroleum, barite, cassiterite, gold and other minerals. August 2005, Peter has drilled two wells with commercial exploitation value, the daily output of 2700 barrels. Primary become the Caribbean after the Trinidad and Tobago national crude oil exports.
Political
Form of government
August 1981 Independent Constitution provides: The Queen of England is the head of state of Belize, the Governor appointed by the Queen (must be a citizen of Belize) is representative of the Queen of England in Belize, the Council of Ministers for government agencies, the implementation of the Prime Minister; Governor appointed House Majority Leader for the Prime Minister, and appoints the prime minister according to the House majority party's nomination, according to the Prime Minister nominated the appointment of Deputy Prime Minister, Ministers and Leader of the Opposition. The National Assembly is the legislative body of the country.
Parliament
Pak parliament known as the National Assembly, composed of the Senate and House. The five-year term. 12 senators appointed by the governor, six nominated by the Prime Minister, three nominated by the Leader of the Opposition, Belize, church, business and trade unions each recommend one; Vice President from the elected senators, can also be in Senator outside appointment.
Judicial
Set up the Court of Appeals, the Supreme Court and District Court. British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council as the final ruling authority.
Political party
(1) People's Unity Party (People's United Party): the opposition. Mainly Mestizo support. Since its inception in 1950, more in Belize politics are dominant, had in 1954 - 1984 - 1993 1989 ruling. In August 1998, the party win an absolute advantage in the general election, came to power again. 2 million party members, leader John Briceno.
 
Unified Democratic Party (United Demokratic Party): (2) opposition party, the 1974 merger by the Joint Development Association of the National Independence Party, the People's Development Movement, the Liberal Party and blacks. Mainly supported Creole. In 1984 and 1989 to 1998, 1993 to govern. Leader Dean Barrow (Dean Ballow).
Economic
System
Residents are involved in agriculture and forestry, the main producing sugar cane, citrus, bananas, cocoa, corn, beans, rice and valuable timber. Coastal rich lobster. Sugar, sawn wood, leather, steel rolling, production of daily necessities and other small-scale industries. Output of sugar and citrus fruits (both of which accounted for two-thirds of the total value of exports), wood, forest products and lobster and other. Imports of food, machinery, petroleum and industrial products.
Total
The economy is dominated by agriculture, industrial underdevelopment. The vast majority of people's daily necessities imported. Belize, the gross national product of $ 1.274 billion, with a per capita GDP of 4090 U.S. dollars in 2007. The fixed exchange rate: 2 Belize to U.S. $ 1.
Culture
About AD 250, the Maya live in Belize, southern Mexico and Guatemala. The Mayan culture reflects the highest level of civilization, surprisingly is still in the Dark Ages in Europe, the Mayan residents can depict space like the evolution of a Native American writing systems, and has mastered the mathematical . About 300 BC, the Maya hierarchy by kings and nobles to the development of relevant laws and regulations, the development of this nation to the heyday of AD 200-900. Mayan beliefs Titan, Luna, zombies, Aeolus, god of rain, to God and the god of agriculture, especially worship Corn God for most. Divination with communication between man and God. The large Mayan ritual sacrifice addition to livestock, birds, fruits, once prevalent human sacrifice.
 
Maya is the most orthodox residents of the American continent, the Maya developed astronomy, calendar systems, hieroglyphic, then a very high level of the construction, including pyramids, palaces, Observatory and so do not use iron tools built.
Education
Belize is free and compulsory for children aged 6-14.
Media
Belize newspapers, mostly weeklies, the the Belize Times reported, "Oman Dara newspaper," the pulse of the people ", and another Monthly today Belize". Radio Belize for the national radio, in English and Spanish broadcast. Belize television daily broadcast satellite television programs in the United States.
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更多>>伯利兹官方语言

    英语(English)是联合国的工作语言之一,也是事实上的国际交流语言。英语属于印欧语系中日耳曼语族下的西日耳曼语支,并通过英国的殖民活动传播到世界各地。由于在历史上曾和多种民族语言接触,它的词汇从一元变为多元,语法从“多屈折”变为“少屈折”,语音也发生了规律性的变化。根据以英语作为母语的人数计算,英语可能是世界上第三大语言,但它是世界上最广泛的第二语言。世界上60%以上的信件是用英语书写的,上两个世纪英国和美国在文化、经济、军事、政治和科学上的领先地位使得英语成为一种准国际语言。
简介
  英语(English)作为世界通用语言,是联合国的工作语言之一,也是事实上的国际交流语言。英语的形成大约是在公元五世纪;它属于印欧语系中日耳曼语族下的西日耳曼语支,由古代从欧洲大陆移民大不列颠岛的盎格鲁·撒克逊和朱特部落的日耳曼人所说的语言演变而来,并通过英国的殖民活动传播到世界各地。由于在历史上曾和多种民族语言接触,它的词汇从一元变为多元。语法从“多曲折”变为“少曲折”,语音也发生了规律性的变化。根据以英语作为母语的人数计算,英语是世界上最广泛的语言。它可能是世界上第二大或第四大语言(1999年统计为380,000,000人使用英语),世界上60%以上的信件是用英语书写的,50%以上的报纸杂志是英语的。上两个世纪英国和美国在文化、经济、军事、政治和科学上的领先地位使得英语成为一种国际语言。英语也是与计算机联系最密切的语言,大多数编程语言都与英语有联系,而且随着互联网的使用,使英文的使用更普及。与英语最接近的无疑是弗里西语,这种语言现在仍然在荷兰北部弗里斯兰省中使用,大约有50万个使用者。一些人认为低地苏格兰语是与英语接近的一个独立语言,而一些人则认为它是英语的一个方言。苏格兰语、荷兰东部和德国北部的低地撒克逊语与英语也很接近。其他相关的语言包括荷兰语、南非荷兰语和德语。诺曼人于11世纪征服英国,带来大量法语词汇,很大程度地丰富了英语词汇。英语的词序比较固定,并且只有三种句子结构,即简单句、并列句和复合句。
全球分布
  以英语作为官方语言的有:英国、美国、澳大利亚、巴哈马群岛、博茨瓦纳、爱尔兰、巴巴多斯、百慕大、圭亚那、牙买加、新西兰、圣克里斯多福及尼维斯和特立尼达和多巴哥
   由于英国过去在世界各地有许多殖民地的缘故,因此在现代,英语在许多国家与地区,都是通用语言或官方语言之一:
   英语在下列国家和地区是第一语言:英国、美国、澳大利亚、巴哈马、爱尔兰、巴巴多斯、百慕大、圭亚那、牙买加、新西兰、圣克里斯多福及尼维斯和特立尼达和多巴哥。目前世界上把英语作为第一语言(本族语)的人口约有3亿。
   英语在下列国家和地区中是通用语言,这些国家地区包括香港(连同粤语)、加拿大(连同法语)、多米尼克、圣路西亚和圣文森及格瑞那丁(连同法语)、密克罗尼西亚联邦、爱尔兰(连同爱尔兰语)、利比里亚(连同非洲语言)、新加坡(连同华语)、马来西亚(连同华语和马来语)和南非(连同南非荷兰语和其他非洲语言)。作为第二语言(即不是母语,但为所在国通用语)使用的人口约有2.5亿。
   英语是下列国家和地区的官方语言(之一),但不是本地语言和通用语言:斐济、加纳、冈比亚、印度、基里巴斯、莱索托、肯尼亚、纳米比亚、尼日利亚、马耳他、马绍尔群岛、巴基斯坦、巴布亚新几内亚、菲律宾、所罗门群岛、萨摩亚群岛、塞拉利昂、斯威士兰、博茨瓦纳、坦桑尼亚、赞比亚和津巴布韦。    另外,英语在欧洲、中国及日本是最普遍作为外语来学习的语言(32.6%),接着是葡萄牙语、德语和西班牙语。基本英语是为了国际交流使用的简化了的英语。它通常被一些飞机厂商和其它国际商业用作写手册和交流。东亚的一些学校把它作为基础英语来教授。
英语文学
  早期古英语文学作品是用诺森伯里亚方创作的。由于斯塔的纳维亚人的侵略,英国的文化中心由诺森伯里亚迁移到悔尔西亚,到了公元九世纪,又迁至西撤克进地区的首府威赛克斯(wessex)。西撤克逊国王艾尔弗雷德大帝(Alfred the Great)一方面武力抵抗丹麦人的侵略,另一方面大力提倡文艺和教育,亲自组织并参加外国文学作品和学术著作的翻译,以及该国文学的抄写和校订工作。古英语诗歌作品,通过西撤克逊抄写者的努力,才得以保存下来。在艾尔弗雷德大帝时期,古英语散文作品有很大的发展,这些作品主要是用西撒克逊方言写的。古英语的词汇不同于现代英语的词汇,大多数的古英语词都是西日耳曼语的固有的词。古英语词汇中也有一些从其它语言借来的词,从这些词可以看到早期罗马商人的影响是很大的。随着基督教传入英国,有更多的拉丁词进入古英语词汇。原来居住在英国的凯尔特人的语言,有极少数词进入英语词汇,也有一些凯尔特语词保存在英国地名里面。
学习方法
  英语专家组进行了权威的解释。英语学习中其实对孩子困扰最大的就是听力、单词记忆、写作、口语四个专项,他们紧密联系就像是构成一个木桶的模板,缺了哪块都不行。
   1、听力不好,口语就很差,英语语感就好不到哪去,单词也就很难记住;
   2、单词记不住,就会提笔忘词、漏词、错词,阅读题看不懂;
   3、作文写不好,学习英语就不知道综合掌握运用自如,成绩就难有突破; 即使掌握了听力、语法,阅读题仍然可能会做错,作文还是写不好,因为阅读也好作文也好,单词的量和熟练运用是关键。打个简单比方,一个木桶能盛水的高度,不取决于最长的那块木板,而是最短的那块。也就是说,随便哪个专项薄弱,都不能取得好成绩。总之,针对薄弱点,补短板,进行专项学习,提高单词量的掌握,才是提高英语学习成绩的唯一途径。
   4、.语言重点,语言重点是口语学习初级和中级阶段的重点。以听说实践为主。目标是掌握大量的生活用语、固定表达法。学会交流。在选材时尽量选择生活会话教材。教材设计的主题和情景自己越熟悉,学习的效率就越高。必须选择有声教材。"新元英语口语伴侣"属于这一系列。

 

更多>>伯利兹首都简介基本

    贝尔莫潘(Belmopan),是中美洲国家伯利兹的首都。贝尔莫潘(Belmopan),得名于伯利兹河(Belize)和伯利兹河支流莫潘河(Mopan),海拔76米高。位于伯利兹河畔,与旧都及第一大城及港口伯利兹市距离82公里远。伯利兹市在1961年受飓风侵袭,被严重破坏,于是在1970年,将首都迁至内陆的贝尔莫潘。贝尔莫潘是个很小的城市,人口只有约7000人左右。
城市简介   
  贝尔莫潘依山傍水,河流纵横交错,风景优美,具有古代的玛雅风格。地势呈波浪形,拥有良好的排水条件。有许多建筑用的石灰和砂石,是个极具发展潜力的城市。整个城市呈长方形,市中心是政府机关的办公大楼,周围是住宅,一环扣一环,结构明快,整齐划一。居民点设有商店和学校。西部是工业区。离城13公里处有一个游览胜地——兰洞,那里有个天然水潭,涟漪湖波,美不胜言。
历史沿革
  贝尔莫潘的名称是由原首都伯利兹和伯利兹河支流莫潘河两名组合而成,位于伯利兹的中心位置。这里原来生活着印第安人,曾是玛雅古国的一部分,16世纪沦为西班牙殖民地,1862年又落入英国人之下,称英属洪都拉斯,其首府是原来加勒比海畔的伯利兹城,但伯利兹城经常遭到飓风和海啸的侵袭。1961年的飓风掀起万丈海浪,伯利兹城几天之中就被淹没在大水之中,3/4的房屋倒塌,因此伯利兹政府决定将首都迁到贝尔莫潘。这里是一片平原,东南的玛雅山脉可挡住加勒比海刮来的飓风,而且又在国土中心,有通向南北,东西的公路干线,同时风景优美,地点适中,具有发展前途。新首都于1967(一说1966)年始建,1972年正式迁都,1981年国家独立后,贝尔莫潘成为首都。
自然资源
  森林资源丰富,渔业资源也很丰富,盛产龙虾、旗鱼、海牛和珊瑚等。矿藏有石油、重晶石、锡石、黄金等,但未发现有可供商业性开采的储量。
气候特征
  地理位置
   贝尔莫潘地处伯利兹南部平原,北临伯利兹河,东南依玛雅山脉,海拔70米。
   贝尔莫潘属热带海洋性气候,全年温差不大,11月至翌年1月平均气温为24度,5至9月平均气温为27度。降水充沛,季节分配较均匀。
交通情况
  贝尔莫潘地处伯利兹的中心,因此,交通十分方便,伯利兹全国主要的交通干线洪明比德公路和西部公路在这里交汇,构成了四通八达的交通网。
经济状况
  贝尔莫潘的经济以农业和林业为主。土地的一半为森林所覆盖,盛产血松木,桃花心木,洋水等贵重木材。采制生产口香糖用的人心果树脂,在伯利兹经济中占主导地位。农作物有酸性水果,玉米,水稻,香蕉,可可和甘蔗。
   居民多从事农业和林业,主产甘蔗、柑橘、香蕉、可可、玉米、豆类、稻和贵重木材。有制糖、锯木、制革、轧钢、日用品生产等小型工业。
   主要进口机械和运输设备、工业制品、日用品、食品和燃料,主要出口糖、成衣、水果、木材、海产品等,主要贸易对象为美国、英国、墨西哥、加拿大等国。
人口情况
  贝尔莫潘约5000人,为世界上人口最少的首都之一。居民中黑人约占一半,其余为黑白混血种人,印欧混血种人和玛雅印第安人。居民一半以上信奉天主教,其余信奉基督教新教。全市人一半讲英语,一半讲西班牙语,官方语言为英语。

 

更多>>伯利兹留学开销

更多>>伯利兹语言学习

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自然地理
  面积22963平方公里。位于中美洲东北部。北和西北邻墨西哥,西和南与危地马拉接壤,东濒加勒比海。海岸线长322公里。境内多山地、沼泽和热带丛林。地形大致可分为南、北两个部分:南半部地形以玛雅山脉为主体,山脉为西南—东北走向。其支脉科克斯科姆山的维多利亚峰海拔1121.97米,是全国最高峰。北半部为海拔不到61米的低地区,其中大部是沼泽;有伯利兹河、纽河和翁多河流经。属热带雨林气候。离岸外24公里的海面上有世界第二大堡礁与海岸平行。热带雨林气候,年平均气温25-27℃,年降水量2,000毫米以上。6-10月常受飓风侵袭。森林面积占领土的90%富红木、苏木、染料木等珍贵林木。西北地区有石油矿藏。

 

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